June 11 — To the Editor:

When the opposition knows how you will fight against them because you repeat the same tactics again and again, you’re losing. Marches, phone calls, and even voting are no longer enough. It’s time for the Resistance to engage in more of the hundreds of available nonviolent methods used effectively throughout history.

Below are four categories of nonviolent methods used in successful people’s movements to end government corruption and fascism.

Symbolic Resistance

• Definition: uses symbols or symbolic acts to display messages of resistance for the purpose of building the movement and showing the opposition they are being resisted.

• Examples: marches, rallies, buttons, t-shirts, bumper stickers, posters, memes, hash tag trends, street theater, etc.

Political Involvement

• Definition: expressing opposition to elected officials or becoming a member of a political office for the purpose of altering harmful laws.

• Examples: voting, speaking out at political gatherings, running for office, calling elected officials, etc.


• Definition: disrupt the oppositions’ ability to carry out tasks that support harmful laws for the purpose of showing rulers that their power relies on the compliance of the people.

• Examples: limited labor strikes and boycotts, human barricades, work-to-rule, and sick-outs, etc.


• Definition: engage in large-scale noncompliance or disobedience for the purpose of making it extremely difficult or entirely impossible for the government to carry out harmful laws and policies.

• Examples: general strikes, massive boycotts, large-scale work stoppages, etc.

A movement that strategically employs an enormous arsenal of nonviolent “weapons” will show Trump and the GOP that the Resistance is a vastly organized and highly creative force. The government will not know what sort of battle they are entering at each turn, making the Resistance better able to stop Trump and cohorts from passing harmful laws.

Barbara Peterson